Charles T. Keally

Professor of Archaeology and Anthropology (retired)

(drawing by Bryce King II)
(animation by Atsushi Tanaka)

I have been working in Japanese Archaeology since 1967, beginning as a student at Sophia University.  I worked for 144 consecutive months in fieldwork in the western part of Tokyo from 1970 to 1981.  This was all contract work and covered 15 different sites, including directing the excavation of 16,000 square meters of two large Middle Jomon village sites, a project that took four full years to complete, cost 300,000,000 yen, and produced a final report of over 800 pages.  Since then I have worked as a consultant on a number of local contract excavation projects.  And since 1997, I have acted as local consultant to archaeological projects on some U.S. bases in Japan.

I began teaching part-time at a major university in Tokyo in 1971.  From 1982 to 2003 I taught there full-time, as a tenured full professor from 1992.  During those years, I also occasionally taught courses at two other universities in the Tokyo area. The courses covered physical anthropology and human evolution, archaeology methods and theories, Japanese prehistory, East Asian prehistory, World prehistory, cultural anthropology, and ethical problems in anthropology and archaeology.

My research has dealt mostly with the Japanese Palaeolithic and Jomon cultures and has emphasized social and ecological analyses of these two cultures.  Most of my work and research has concentrated in eastern and northeastern Japan -- South Kanto around Tokyo and northern Tohoku -- with some research in Hokkaido in northern-most Japan.

last revised October 10, 2005

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Memberships in Academic Organizations

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Publications on Japanese Archaeology

This is a list of some of my publications on Japanese archaeology. It contains only publications in English or with significant English summaries. Most of these publications are available from the publishers, but many of them can be obtained directly from me.

Selected publications by myself and others are appended to each of the separate sections of topics in Japanese archaeology. Please refer to those for more information on English-language resources on the subject, as well as resources in Japanese and Russian.

  • Patrick D. Nunn, Charles T. Keally, Caroline King, Jaya Wijaya, and Renato Cruz. (2006). Human Responses to Coastal Change in the Asia-Pacific Region. In: Nick Harvey, ed., Global Change and Integrated Coastal Management: The Asia-Pacific Region. Coastal Systems and Continental Margins, vol. 10. The Netherlands: Springer, pp. 117-161. (Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research, Kobe, Japan).

  • Charles T. Keally. (2005). Academic Elitists and Elite Academics: An Essay. Sophia International Review, 28:97-104. (on this web site)

  • Charles T. Keally. (2004). "Fakery" at the Beginning, the Ending and the Middle of the Jomon Period. Bulletin of the International Jomon Culture Conference, 1:45-50 (Japanese translation: pp. 129-132). (on another web site)

  • Charles T. Keally, Yasuhiro Taniguchi, Yaroslave V. Kuzmin, and Igor Y. Shewkomud. (2004). Chronology of the Beginning of Pottery Manufacture in East Asia. Radiocarbon, 46(1):345-351.

  • Charles T. Keally. (2004). Bad Science and the Distortion of History: Radiocarbon Dating in Japanese Archaeology. Sophia International Review, 26:1-16. (on this web site)

  • Charles T. Keally, Yasuhiro Taniguchi & Yaroslav V. Kuzmin. (2003). Understanding the Beginnings of Pottery Technology in Japan and Neighboring East Asia. The Review of Archaeology, 24(2):3-14.

  • Charles T. Keally & Natsumi Uryu. (2003). Archaeology as Seen in Popular Literature: Osamu Tezuka's Pheonix: The Yamato Story. Sophia International Review, 25:1-12.

  • Charles T. Keally. (2002). Japan's Early-Palaeolithic Hoax and Two Sites. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 19:46-49.

  • Charles T. Keally. (2002). Dirt and Japan's Early Palaeolithic Hoax. Sophia International Review, 24:33-41. (on this web site)

  • Yaroslav V. Kuzmin & Charles T. Keally. (2001). Radiocarbon Chronology of the Earliest Neolithic Sites in East Asia. Proceedings of the 17th International 14C Conference, ed. I. Carmi & E.Boaretto. Radiocarbon, 43(2B):1121-1128.

  • Charles T. Keally. (2001). One Interpretation of the Large Pillared Structures at the Sannai Maruyama Site, Aomori Prefecture. Tama Koko (The Archaeological Research in Tama District), 31:31-32. (in Japanese with English translation on this web site)

  • TANIGUCHI Yasuhiro (trans. Charles T. Keally). (1999). Archaeological Research at the Odai Yamamoto I Site (English summary). Tokyo: Kokugakuin University, Odai Yamamoto I Iseki Hakkutsu Chosadan.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1992). Japan's "Early Palaeolithic": A Changing Controversy. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 9:27-29.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1991). Environment and the Distribution of Sites in the Japanese Palaeolithic: Environmental Zones and Cultural Areas. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, no. 10, pp. 23-39.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1990). The Third-millennium B.C. Uedomari 3 Site, Rebun Island, Hokkaido: Life at a Far Northern Outpost of the Ento Peoples from Tsugaru. Sophia International Review, 12:19-33.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1990). Hokkaido Pleistocene Archeology and the Earliest Americans: Some Comments. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 7:143-146.

  • Charles T. Keally, ed. (1990). Regional Focus: Hokkaido, Japan. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 7:141-164. (contains 8 separate articles, plus my introduction, given above)

  • Charles T. Keally. (1988). Recent Advances in Pleistocene Archaeology in Northern Japan. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 5:13-15.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1987). Spacial Patterning of Behavior in a Middle Jomon Village: the Yamanesakaue Site, Tokyo, Japan. Sophia International Review, 9:39-45.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1987). Japan's "Early Paleolithic": Recent Pro and Con. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 4:19-20.

  • Izumi Hayakawa & Charles T. Keally. (1987). The 30,000-year-old Lithic Components from the Musashidai Site, Tokyo, Japan. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 4:61-64.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1986). Some Key Characteristics of Japanese Pleistocene Archaeology. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 3:94-95.

  • Hiroshi Miyazaki & Charles T. Keally. (1986). A Terminal Pleistocene Salmon-fishing and Lithic Worksite at Maeda Kochi, Tokyo, Japan. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 3:96-97.

  • Shizuo Oda & Charles T. Keally. (1986). A Critical Look at the Palaeolithic and "Lower Palaeolithic" Research in Miyagi Prefecture. Jinruigaku Zasshi, 94:325-361.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1984). Unequal Privilege in Jomon Society, a Pilot Study. Sophia International Review, 6:34-42.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1980). Japanese Archaeology in the 1970s. Sophia International Review, 3:28-39.

  • Shizuo Oda & Charles T. Keally. (1979). Japanese Palaeolithic Cultural Chronology. Privately published monograph.

  • Shizuo Oda & Charles T. Keally. (1973). Edge-ground Stone Tools from the Japanese Preceramic Culture. Busshitsu Bunka, 22:1-26.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1972). The Earliest Cultures in Japan. Monumenta Nipponica, 27:143-147.

  • Charles T. Keally. (1969). A Jomon Site at Ninomiya. Monumenta Nipponica, 24:249-258.

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Here are the addresses of some of the publishers:
Sophia International Review
Faculty of Liberal Arts
Sophia University
7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo 102-8554, JAPAN
Current Research in the Pleistocene
CRP Editor
Center for the Study of the First Americans
Department of Anthropology
Texas A&M University
College Station, TX 77843-4352
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association
Secretary IPPA
Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Australian National University
Camberra ACT 0200
Monumenta Nipponica
Monumenta Nipponica
Sophia University
7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo 102-8554, JAPAN
Busshitsu Bunka
Hakubutsukangaku Kenkyu-shitsu-nai
Rikkyo University
Nishi Ikebukuro 3-chome
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-0021


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